Common Names: Bear's breech
Type: Herbaceous Perennial
Size: 3 to 4 ft. high and wide; flower spikes to 6 ft.
Flowers: White to purple flowers on long spikes, late spring or summer; unusually large leaves to 2 ft. long, dark green, shiny, deeply lobed.
Uses: Shade plant or dry sunny spot; color accent, formal garden, cut flowers, near oaks. Fire resistive.
Wildlife: Bee pollinated. Deer resistant. Rabbit resistant.
Soil: Tolerates variety, but must be well-drained.
Water: Medium; periodic water during heat will keep leaves green, otherwise plant will lose leaves.
Sun: Full sun to some shade.
Pruning: Prune off spent flower spikes. Divide in winter.
Pests & Diseases: Snails and Slugs; powdery mildew.
Notes: Roots can become invasive. Seeds profusely. The flowers and leaves have inspired the decorations from Greek Corinthian columns (500 BC) through modern architecture. Hardy to 0° F.