Aesculus californica


Common Name: California buckeye


Family: Sapindaceae

Origin: California

Type: Deciduous shrub or tree

Size: 10 - 40 ft. high; 30 ft. wide; often multi-trunked.

Flowers: Showy cream-colored flowers in spring; leaves pale green when new, then grow to 8 to 10 in. across. Brown fruit seeds attractive during summer dormancy.

Uses: Background, slopes, near oak trees and streams; salt spray, wind, in heat.  Fire resistive.

Wildlife: Hummingbirds, butterflies like. Toxic to bees. Deer resistant.

Soil: Tolerates a variety, but should be well-drained. Tolerates seasonal flooding. 

Water: Medium, but tolerates drought.

Sun: Full sun to some shade.

Pruning: Takes pruning well. Will develop into multi-trunked shrub unless pruned to tree shape. Prune out crossing, damaged, diseased, or dead limbs. 

Pests & Diseases: Powdery mildew, wood decay fungi, yellow leaf blister.

Notes: Attractive all year. Caution: All parts of plant are poisonous, including flowers, leaves, and fruit. Native to dry slopes and foothills. Hardy to 0° F.