Common Names: Coffeeberry
syn. Rhamnus Californica
Type: Evergreen shrub
Size: 5 ft. high and wide; larger if sheltered.
Flowers: Flowers are yellow-green and inconspicuous; berries in fall are red or black; leaves vary from shiny to dull, yellowish to dark green, 1 in. wide, 1-3 in. long.
Uses: Low hybrids good for borders and slopes, near oak trees; taller for screens, backgrounds, in heat. Fire resistive.
Wildlife: Habitat, fruit, leaves for caterpillars, etc., pollen, nectar for butterflies. Deer resistant.
Soil: Grows in light or heavy soil.
Water: None for established plants, but broader leaf varieties look better with some.
Sun: Full sun to some shade.
Pruning: Prune for shape; otherwise low maintenance.
Pests & Diseases: Aphids, leaf miner, Sudden Oak Death.
Notes: Seedlings can be invasive. Native to the chaparral and coastal sage plant communities in the coastal foothills from northern California to Baja California. Hardy to 0° F.