Common Names: Christmas Berry, Toyon
Type: Evergreen shrub or tree
Size: 15 to 25 ft. high and wide.
Flowers: Small white flowers, summer, bright red berries fall, winter; leaves glossy dark green with small teeth on edges.
Uses: Screen, background, ornamental, erosion control on slopes, near oaks, in heat. Fire resistive.
Wildlife: Berries & flowers for birds, bees, butterflies. Deer resistant.
Soil: Prefers well-drained soil; grows on dry ridges, slopes, and canyons.
Water: Medium, but tolerates drought.
Sun: Full sun to some shade.
Pruning: Produces more berries if trimmed to provide more year-old wood. Prune to develop multiple-branching.
Pests & Diseases: Fireblight, scales, thrips, Sudden Oak Death, root rot.
Notes: Heteromeles arbutifolia macrocarpa, from California’s Channel Islands, has larger berries. Common member of the chaparral in California. Hardy to 10° F.